A novel CD44 antibody identifies an epitope that is aberrantly expressed on acute lymphoblastic leukaemia cells

Linda J. Bendall, Alexander James, Andrew Zannettino, Paul J. Simmons, David J. Gottlieb, Kenneth F. Bradstock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous studies have shown that the antibody 7H9D6 identifies CD44, a glycoprotein receptor for hyaluronic acid. 7H9D6 recognizes an epitope of CD44 that is not always present on CD44 molecules. The 7H9D6 antibody bound to the hyaluronic acid binding domain of CD44 and inhibited cell adhesion to immobilized hyaluronic acid. However, the expression of the 7H9D6 epitope was not sufficient for hyaluronic acid binding. Immunofluorescent staining with 7H9D6 revealed a punctate surface staining pattern, suggesting that CD44 molecules recognized by 7H9D6 are located in clusters on the cell surface. In contrast, other CD44 antibodies produced a uniform staining pattern. Early bone marrow B cells were negative for 7H9D6 but reactive with other CD44 monoclonal antibodies. In contrast, leukaemic cells from 65% of patients (28 of 43) with B lineage acute lymphoblastic leukaemia bound 7H9D6. Patients expressing the 7H9D6 epitope on their leukaemic cells had an increased risk of death (HR 3.5 95% CI 1.1-10.9, P = 0.029) and of disease relapse (HR 3.2 95% CI 1.2-8.5, P = 0.017) when corrected for white cell count. This antibody may be useful for the detection of residual disease in B lineage acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and as a prognostic indicator and for the study of CD44 function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-319
Number of pages9
JournalImmunology and Cell Biology
Volume81
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 1 Aug 2003

Keywords

  • Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia
  • Adhesion
  • CD44
  • Hyaluronic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Cell Biology

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