Therapy-related myeloid neoplasm (tMN) is considered a direct consequence of DNA damage in hematopoietic stem cells. Despite increasing recognition that altered stroma can also drive leukemogenesis, the functional biology of the tMN microenvironment remains unknown. We performed multiomic (transcriptome, DNA damage response, cytokine secretome and functional profiling) characterization of bone marrow stromal cells from tMN patients. Critically, we also compared (i) patients with myeloid neoplasm and another cancer but without cytotoxic exposure, (ii) typical primary myeloid neoplasm, and (iii) age-matched controls to decipher the microenvironmental changes induced by cytotoxics vs. neoplasia. Strikingly, tMN exhibited a profoundly senescent phenotype with induction of CDKN1A and β-Galactosidase, defective phenotype, and proliferation. Moreover, tMN stroma showed delayed DNA repair and defective adipogenesis. Despite their dormant state, tMN stromal cells were metabolically highly active with a switch toward glycolysis and secreted multiple pro-inflammatory cytokines indicative of a senescent-secretory phenotype that inhibited adipogenesis. Critically, senolytics not only eliminated dormant cells, but also restored adipogenesis. Finally, sequential patient sampling showed senescence phenotypes are induced within months of cytotoxic exposure, well prior to the onset of secondary cancer. Our data underscores a role of senescence in the pathogenesis of tMN and provide a valuable resource for future therapeutics.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research