Associations of strength training with impaired glucose metabolism: The ausdiab study

Karl E. Minges, Dianna J. Magliano, Neville Owen, Robin M. Daly, Jo Salmon, Jonathan E. Shaw, Paul Z. Zimmet, David W. Dunstan

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17 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: To examine the association of strength training (ST) activity with impaired glucose metabolism (IGM) in Australian adults. Methods: On the basis of an oral glucose tolerance test, IGM (which includes impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance, or newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes), was assessed in 5831 adults (mean age = 56.0 T 12.7 yr) without clinically diagnosed diabetes who participated in the 2004-2005 Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (AusDiab). Meeting the current ST guideline was based on reporting ST at least two times per week (frequency) or ≥40 min·wk-1 in total (duration). Multiple logistic regression analyses examined associations of self-reported ST frequency and duration with IGM. Results: After adjustment for known confounding factors and total moderate-to vigorous-intensity leisure time exercise, the odds ratio (OR) of IGM was 0.73 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.59-0.91, P 0.005) in those who met the ST frequency guideline (two or more times per week) and 0.69 (95% CI = 0.55-0.87, P ≤ 0.01) in those who met the ST duration guideline (Q40 minwk-1). Those who achieved both the recommended frequency and duration of ST had 24% lower odds of IGM. There was also evidence that a moderate frequency (once a week) and duration (10-39 minwk-1) of ST reduced the odds of IGM (OR frequency = 0.53, 95% CI = 0.51-0.81, P ≤ 0.01; OR duration = 0.72, 95% CI = 0.52-1.00, P ≤ 0.05). Conclusions: These findings support the importance of including ST activity, at a frequency of at least once per week, within exercise management recommendations for the maintenance of favorable metabolic health, particularly as it may contribute to reducing the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-303
Number of pages5
JournalMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 1 Feb 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Resistance training
  • impaired glucose tolerance
  • muscle strengthening activity
  • physical activity
  • population based
  • prediabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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