Audit of the dietetic care of patients with type 1 diabetes at a large Australian paediatric tertiary hospital and comparison with the International Society for Paediatric and Adolescent Diabetes nutrition guidelines

Rachel Battersby, Annabel Sweeney, Sarah Toome, Janice Fairchild, Jacqueline Miller

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Aim: Optimal glycaemic control is important in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) to reduce the risk of developing microvascular complications. Modest reductions in HbA1c translate to significant risk reductions of these complications. Research indicates that targeted dietetic care using evidence-based guidelines improves HbA1c levels. The aim of this study was to audit the dietetic care provided to patients with T1D at the Women's and Children's Hospital (WCH) and compare the service provided to the International Society for Paediatric and Adolescent Diabetes (ISPAD) nutrition guidelines. Methods: A retrospective medical records audit of the dietetic service was conducted on 410 (99% of eligible) patients who attended the WCH Diabetes Outpatient Clinic between 1 January 2010 and 30 June 2013. These data were then compared to the ISPAD nutrition guidelines, with a focus on the key service delivery targets. Results: Of the newly diagnosed patients (n = 128), 100% received initial dietary advice by a paediatric diabetes dietitian; 61% of these patients then received a follow-up appointment within one month of diagnosis. Of those who were >1 year post-diagnosis (n = 389), only 6% were seen annually; 79% of patients were identified with a condition requiring more frequent review, of whom 23% were seen more frequently. Conclusions: This large and comprehensive audit, conducted for a 3.5-year period, has shown that the dietetic care of newly diagnosed children and adolescents is mostly in line with ISPAD guidelines, but there is suboptimal follow-up after diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)408-414
Number of pages7
JournalNutrition and Dietetics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 1 Sep 2017


  • clinical audit
  • diabetes mellitus
  • dietetics
  • nutrition therapy
  • paediatrics
  • type 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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