Background: The use of cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIED), which includes pacemakers, implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD), cardiac resynchronisation therapy pacemakers (CRT-P) and cardiac resynchronisation therapy defibrillators (CRT-D) has increased over the past 20 years, but there is a lack of real world evidence on the longevity of these devices in the older population which is essential to inform health care delivery and support clinical decisions. Methods and Results: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using data from the Australian Government Department of Veterans’ Affairs database. The cohort consisted of people who had a CIED procedure between 2005 and 2015. The cumulative risk of generator replacement/reoperations was estimated accounting for the competing risk of death. A total of 16,662 patients were included. In pacemaker recipients with an average age of 85 years, the 5-year risk of reoperation ranged from 2.8% in single chamber, 3.6% in dual chamber to 7.6% in CRT-P recipients, while the 5-year risk of dying with the index pacemaker in situ was 63% in single chamber, 46% in dual chamber and 56% in CRT-P recipients. In defibrillator recipients with an average age of 80 years, the 5-year risk of reoperation ranged from 11% in single chamber, 13% in dual chamber to 24% in CRT-D recipients, while the 5-year risk of dying with the index defibrillator in situ was 46% in single chamber, 40% in dual chamber and 41% in CRT-D recipients. Conclusion: In this cohort of older patients the 5-year risk of generator reoperation was low in pacemaker recipients whereas up to one in four CRT-D recipients would have a reoperation within 5 years.
- Cardiac implantable electronic devices
- Competing risk
- Generator reoperation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine