Characterising concurrent pain experience and dietary patterns in people with chronic musculoskeletal pain: a feasibility study protocol

Susan J. Ward, Alison M. Coates, Katherine L. Baldock, Carolyn Berryman, Alison M. Hill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Nutrition-related factors linked to pain chronicity and disability include weight status and dietary behaviours. Dietary patterns associated with concurrent pain episodes, however, remain poorly characterised. This paper outlines the protocol for a feasibility study that aims to characterise pain-related dietary and lifestyle behaviours in people experiencing chronic musculoskeletal pain. Methods: The study will recruit participants who experience musculoskeletal pain on 5 or more days of the week for at least 3 months. Participants will attend two in-person clinic visits where physical measurements and a series of pain and lifestyle questionnaires will be completed. Visits will be conducted pre and post a 2-week self-monitoring period where participants will self-report concurrent diet, sleep, mood, and pain on four days and will wear a wrist-worn activity monitor (GENEActiv). Key feasibility metrics will evaluate participant recruitment, enrolment and retention rates, and compliance with the study data collection protocol. Discussion: There remains a lack of evidence behind dietary advice as an adjunct pain management tool. Upon completion of the protocol, feasibility outcomes will identify challenges to guide the design and delivery of a dietary intervention for chronic musculoskeletal pain.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13
JournalPilot and Feasibility Studies
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 22 Jan 2024
Externally publishedYes


  • Diet
  • Diet quality
  • Feasibility
  • Lifestyle
  • Musculoskeletal pain
  • Pain
  • Protocol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this