Comparative genomics of Helicobacter pylori: Analysis of the outer membrane protein families

Richard A. Alm, James Bina, Beth M. Andrews, Peter Doig, Robert E.W. Hancock, Trevor J. Trust

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

276 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The two complete genomic sequences of Helicobacter pylori J99 and 26695 were used to compare the paralogous families (related genes within one genome, likely to have related function) of genes predicted to encode outer membrane proteins which were present in each strain. We identified five paralogous gene families ranging in size from 3 to 33 members; two of these families contained members specific for either H. pylori J99 or H. pylori 26695. Most orthologous protein pairs (equivalent genes between two genomes, same function) shared considerable identity between the two strains. The unusual set of outer membrane proteins and the specialized outer membrane may be a reflection of the adaptation of H. pylori to the unique gastric environment where it is found. One subfamily of proteins, which contains both channel-forming and adhesin molecules, is extremely highly related at the sequence level and has likely arisen due to ancestral gene duplication. In addition, the largest paralogous family contained two essentially identical pairs of genes in both strains. The presence and genomic organization of these two pairs of duplicated genes were analyzed in a panel of independent H. pylori isolates. While one pair was present in every strain examined, one allele of the other pair appeared partially deleted in several isolates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4155-4168
Number of pages14
JournalInfection and Immunity
Volume68
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished or Issued - Jul 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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