Content analysis of school websites: policies and programs to support healthy eating and the environment

Neha K. Lalchandani, Shona Crabb, Caroline Miller, Clare Hume

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Preschools and primary schools are important settings for the development of healthy eating habits and awareness of environmentally friendly practices. This study explored South Australian government schools' policies and programs in relation to healthy eating and environmentally friendly aspects of food choice (such as packaging), and whether any schools approached these issues in combination. Websites of 18 government preschools and primary schools in the Greater Adelaide region, stratified by low, medium and high socioeconomic status were reviewed for publicly available policies and other relevant content. A content analysis was undertaken, with policies and programs analysed deductively and thematically. Healthy eating (n = 8) and environment (n = 3) related policies were found on preschool websites only. The main themes observed across the three categories of interest (healthy eating, environmentally friendly practices and low-waste healthy foods) included the presence/absence of formal policy, promotional strategies and implementation. Expectations of children bringing healthy 'nude' foods that were environmentally friendly were mentioned informally on the websites but were not part of policy documents. Policies and programs around healthy eating and environmentally friendly practices (in combination) were lacking. There is scope to address this gap to improve health and sustainable outcomes within the school environment context.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-59
Number of pages12
JournalHealth education research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 23 Mar 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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