Dietary pattern during 1991–2011 and its association with cardio metabolic risks in Chinese adults: The China health and nutrition survey

Ming Li, Zumin Shi

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53 Citations (Scopus)


Increased prevalence of overweight and obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and other cardio metabolic risks has become a public health concern in China, a country undergoing nutrition transition. We investigated the dietary pattern during 1991–2011 and its association with these risks in a longitudinal study among adults; Adults in The China Health and Nutrition Survey were included. Three-day food consumption was collected by 24 h recall method. Anthropometric measures, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose and lipids was collected in 2009. Dietary pattern was generated using principal components analysis. The associations between dietary pattern and cardio metabolic risk were assessed with generalized linear regression adjusted for age, sex, and social economic status (SES). “Traditional” pattern loaded with rice, meat, and vegetables, and “Modern” pattern had high loadings of fast food, milk, and deep-fried food. “Traditional” pattern was inversely associated with cardio metabolic risks, with linear slopes ranging from -0.15 (95% confidence interval (CI): -0.18, -0.12) for hypertension to -0.67 (95% CI: -0.73, -0.60) for impaired glucose control. “Modern” pattern was associated positively with those factors, with slopes ranging 0.10 (95% CI: 0.04, 0.17) for high cholesterol to 0.42 (95% CI: 0.35, 0.49) for impaired glucose control. Dietary patterns were associated with cardio metabolic risk in Chinese adults.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1218
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished or Issued - Nov 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Adults
  • Cardio-metabolic risks
  • Dietary pattern
  • Principal component analysis
  • The China health and nutrition survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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