Distinct signalling pathways mediate insulin and phorbol ester- stimulated eukaryotic initiation factor 4F assembly and protein synthesis in HEK 293 cells

Terence P. Herbert, Gordon R. Kilhams, Ian H. Batty, Christopher G. Proud

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100 Citations (Scopus)


Stimulation of serum-starved human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells with either the phorbol ester, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), or insulin resulted in increases in the phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 and p70 S6 kinase, eIF4F assembly, and protein synthesis. All these effects were blocked by rapamycin, a specific inhibitor of mTOR. Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and protein kinase B were activated by insulin but not by TPA. Therefore TPA can induce eIF4F assembly, protein synthesis, and the phosphorylation of p70 S6 kinase and 4E-BP1 independently of both phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and protein kinase B. Using two structurally unrelated inhibitors of MEK (PD098059 and U0126), we provide evidence that Erk activation is important in TPA stimulation of eIF4F assembly and the phosphorylation of p70 S6 kinase and 4E-BP1 and that basal MEK activity is important for basal, insulin, and TPA-stimulated protein synthesis. Transient transfection of constitutively active mitogen-activated protein kinase interacting kinase 1 (the eIF4E kinase) indicated that inhibition of protein synthesis and eIF4F assembly by PD098059 is not through inhibition of eIF4E phosphorylation but of other signals emanating from MEK. This report also provides evidence that increased eIF4E phosphorylation alone does not affect the assembly of the eIF4F complex or general protein synthesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11249-11256
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 14 Apr 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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