Endocannabinoids, anandamide and 2-AG, regulate mechanosensitivity of mucosal afferents in the Guinea pig bladder

Stewart Ramsay, Nick J. Spencer, Vladimir Zagorodnyuk

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Bladder afferents play a crucial role in urine storage and voiding, and conscious sensations from the bladder. Endocannabinoids, anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonolylglycerol (2-AG), are endogenous ligands of G-protein coupled cannabinoid receptors 1 and 2 (CB1 and CB2) found in the CNS and peripheral organs. They also have off-target effects on some ligand- and voltage-gated channels. The aim of this study is to determine the role of AEA and 2-AG in regulation of mechanosensitivity of probable nociceptive neurons innervating the bladder - capsaicin-sensitive mucosal afferents. The activity of these afferents was determined by ex vivo single unit extracellular recordings in the guinea pig bladder. A stable analogue of anandamide, methanandamide (mAEA) evoked initial excitatory response of mucosal afferents followed by potentiation of their responses to mechanical stimulation. In the presence of TRPV1 antagonist (AMG9810), mAEA's effect on mechanosensitivity switched from excitatory to inhibitory. The inhibitory effect of mAEA is due to activation of both CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors since it was abolished by combined application of selective CB1 (NESS0327) and CB2 (SR144528) antagonists. 2-AG application evoked a brief excitation of mucosal afferents, without potentiation of their mechanosensitivity, followed by the inhibition of their responses to mechanical stimulation. CB2 receptor antagonist, SR144528 abolished the inhibitory effect of 2-AG. Our data indicated that anandamide and 2-AG have opposite effects on mechanosensitivity of mucosal capsaicin-sensitive afferents in the guinea pig bladder; mAEA potentiated while 2-AG inhibited responses of mucosal afferents to mechanical stimulation. These findings are important for understanding of the role of endocannabinoids in regulating bladder sensation and function.

Original languageEnglish
Article number175624
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 15 Apr 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • 2-AG
  • Anandamide
  • Bladder afferentss
  • CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors
  • Endocannabinoids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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