Evaluation of a smartphone nutrition and physical activity application to provide lifestyle advice to pregnant women: The SNAPP randomised trial

Jodie M. Dodd, Jennie Louise, Courtney Cramp, Rosalie M. Grivell, Lisa J. Moran, Andrea R. Deussen

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45 Citations (Scopus)


Our objective was to evaluate the impact of a smartphone application as an adjunct to face-to-face consultations in facilitating dietary and physical activity change among pregnant women. This multicentre, nested randomised trial involved pregnant women with a body mass index ≥18.5 kg/m2, with a singleton pregnancy between 10 and 20 weeks' gestation, and participating in 2 pregnancy nutrition-based randomised trials across metropolitan Adelaide, South Australia. All women participating in the SNAPP trial received a comprehensive dietary, physical activity, and behavioural intervention, as part of the GRoW or OPTIMISE randomised trials. Women were subsequently randomised to either the “Lifestyle Advice Only Group,” where women received the above intervention, or the “Lifestyle Advice plus Smartphone Application Group,” where women were additionally provided access to the smartphone application. The primary outcome was healthy eating index (HEI) assessed by maternal food frequency questionnaire completed at trial entry, and 28 and 36 weeks' gestation. Analyses were performed using intention-to-treat principles, with statistical significance at p =.05. One hundred sixty-two women participated: 77 allocated to the Lifestyle Advice plus Smartphone Application Group and 85 to the Lifestyle Advice Only Group. Mean difference in HEI score at 28 weeks of pregnancy was 0.01 (CI [−2.29, 2.62]) and at 36 weeks of pregnancy −1.16 (CI [−4.60, 2.28]). There was no significant additional benefit from the provision of the smartphone application in improving HEI score (p =.452). Although all women improved dietary quality across pregnancy, use of the smartphone application was poor. Our findings do not support addition of the smartphone application.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12502
JournalMaternal and Child Nutrition
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished or Issued - Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • diet and physical activity intervention studies
  • dietary strategies
  • maternal obesity
  • nutrition education
  • pregnancy and nutrition
  • randomised controlled trial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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