Factors affecting the use of contraception in Bangladesh: a multivariate analysis

Shahid Ullah, N Chakraborty

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12 Citations (Scopus)


The government of Bangladesh since independence has tried to strengthen the national family planning program. Using data from the 1989 Bangladesh Fertility Survey on a nationally representative sample of 7984 rural and urban households, the authors consider fifteen socioeconomic and demographic variables and assess their relative importance in relation to current contraceptive use. The data indicate that 31.1% of younger and lower parity women use contraceptives. Women's education, followed by women's participation in family planning decision making, were the most important of selected factors which positively affect current use of contraception. Administrative division, desire for additional children, urban residence, and family planning worker visits were also important factors significantly and positively related to the current use of contraception. Husband's occupation was strongly associated with contraceptive use. Child loss, however, was negatively associated with contraceptive use, followed by sex composition of living children. The authors suggest that women should be encouraged to participate in family decisions, and become informed about their rights, privileges, and family law. Finally, it was found that education makes less difference to contraceptive use where family planning programs are strong.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-30
Number of pages12
JournalAsia-Pacific population journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished or Issued - Sept 1993


  • Asia
  • Bangladesh
  • Behavior
  • Contraception
  • Contraception Behavior
  • Data Collection
  • Decision Making
  • Developing Countries
  • Economics
  • Educational Status
  • Family Planning Services
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Research
  • Sampling Studies
  • Social Class
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Statistics as Topic
  • Journal Article

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