Finerenone in patients with chronic kidney disease and type 2 diabetes by sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor treatment: the FIDELITY analysis

FIDELIO-DKD and FIGARO-DKD Investigators

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65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Finerenone reduced the risk of kidney and cardiovascular events in people with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and type 2 diabetes in the FIDELIO-DKD and FIGARO-DKD phase 3 studies. Effects of finerenone on outcomes in patients taking sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2is) were evaluated in a prespecified pooled analysis of these studies.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients with type 2 diabetes and urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) ≥30 to ≤5,000 mg/g and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥25 mL/min/1.73 m2 were randomly assigned to finerenone or placebo; SGLT2is were permitted at any time. Outcomes included cardiovascular composite (cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke, or hospitalization for heart failure) and kidney composite (kidney failure, sustained ≥57% eGFR decline, or renal death) end points, changes in UACR and eGFR, and safety outcomes.

RESULTS: Among 13,026 patients, 877 (6.7%) received an SGLT2i at baseline and 1,113 (8.5%) initiated one during the trial. For the cardiovascular composite, the hazard ratios (HRs) were 0.87 (95% CI 0.79-0.96) without SGLT2i and 0.67 (95% CI 0.42-1.07) with SGLT2i. For the kidney composite, the HRs were 0.80 (95% CI 0.69-0.92) without SGLT2i and 0.42 (95% CI 0.16-1.08) with SGLT2i. Baseline SGLT2i use did not affect risk reduction for the cardiovascular or kidney composites with finerenone (Pinteraction = 0.46 and 0.29, respectively); neither did SGLT2i use concomitant with study treatment.

CONCLUSIONS: Benefits of finerenone compared with placebo on cardiorenal outcomes in patients with CKD and type 2 diabetes were observed irrespective of SGLT2i use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2991-2998
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume45
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 1 Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Humans
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications
  • Diabetic Nephropathies/drug therapy
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications
  • Glucose/therapeutic use
  • Sodium/therapeutic use
  • Cardiovascular Diseases/complications

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