Background: Helicobacter pylori infection is the most important risk factor for gastric cancer, for which eradication therapy is commonly performed. However, gastric cancer is sometimes discovered after successful eradication of H. pylori. Much evidence indicates that diabetes mellitus (DM) is a risk factor for gastric cancer. The incidence and characteristics of gastric cancer diagnosed after H. pylori eradication in DM patients remain to be determined. Methods: We followed the clinical course of patients who underwent H. pylori eradication therapy at our institution. Endoscopy was performed before and after eradication. We compared the incidence and clinical characteristics of gastric cancer arising in DM and non-DM patients. Results: In total, 965 patients who underwent successful eradication (518 DM and 447 non-DM patients) were followed-up for an average of 4.5 years. During the follow-up period, 21 gastric cancers were diagnosed (12 in DM patients and 9 in non-DM patients). The incidence of gastric cancer after eradication was not significantly different between DM and non-DM patients (0.485 and 0.482 %/year, respectively). There was no significant difference in the pathology, diameter, depth, location, or treatment of gastric cancer between patients with and without DM. Conclusion: The incidence and characteristics of gastric cancer occurring after H. pylori eradication were comparable between DM and non-DM patients.
- Diabetes mellitus
- Gastric cancer
- Helicobacter pylori eradication
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