The development of the human gene map in the region of the fragile X mutation (FRAXA) at Xq27 has been hampered by a lack of closely linked polymorphic loci. The polymorphic loci DXS369 (detected by probe RN1), DXS296 (VK21A, VK21C), and DXS304 (U6.2) have recently been mapped to within 5 cM of FRAXA. The order of loci near FRAXA has been defined on the basis of physical mapping studies as cen-F9-DXS105-DXS98-DXS369-DXS297-FRAXA-DXS296-IDS-DXS304-DXS52-qter. The probe VK23B detected HindIII and XmnI restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) at DXS297 with heterozygote frequencies of 0.34 and 0.49, respectively. An IDS cDNA probe, pc2S15, detected StuI and TaqI RFLPs at IDS with heterozygote frequencies of 0.50 and 0.08, respectively. Multipoint linkage analysis of these polymorphic loci in normal pedigrees indicated that the locus order was F9-(DXS105, DXS98)-(DXS369, DXS297)-(DXS296,IDS)-DXS304-DXS52. The recombination fractions between adjacent loci were F9-(0.058)- DXS105-(0.039)-DXS98-(0.123)-DXS369-(0.00)- DXS297-(0.057)-DXS296-(0.00)-IDS-(0.012)- DXS304-(0.120)-DXS52. This genetic map will provide the basis for further linkage studies of both the fragile X syndrome and other disorders mapped to Xq27-q28.
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