Heterogeneity of heart failure management programs in Australia

Andrea Driscoll, Linda Worrall-Carter, Skye McLennan, Anna Dawson, Jan O'Reilly, Simon Stewart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Heart Failure Management Programs (HFMPs) have proven to be cost-effective in minimising recurrent hospitalisations, morbidity and mortality. However, variability between the programs exists which could translate into variable health outcomes. Objective: To survey the characteristics of HFMPs throughout Australia and to identify potential heterogeneity in their organisation and structure. Method: Thirty-nine post-discharge HFMPs were identified from a systematic search of the Australian health-care system in 2002. A comprehensive 19-item questionnaire specifically examining characteristics of HFMPs was sent to co-ordinators of identified programs in early 2003. Results: All participants responded with six institutions (15%) indicating that their HFMP had ceased operations due to a lack of funding. The survey revealed an uneven distribution of the 33 active HFMPs operating throughout Australia. Overall, 4450 post-discharge HF patients (median: 74; IQR: 24-147) were managed via these programs, representing only 11% of the potential caseload for an Australia-wide network of HFMPs. Heterogeneity of these programs existed in respect to the model of care applied within the program (70% applied a home-based program and 18% a specialist HF clinic) and applied interventions (30% of programs had no discharge criteria and 45% of programs prevented nurses administering/titrating medications). Sustained funding was available to only 52% of the active HFMPs. Conclusion: Inequity of access to HFMPs in Australia is evident in relation to locality and high service demand, further complicated by inadequate funding. Heterogeneity between these programs is substantial. The development of national benchmarks for evidence-based HFMPs is required to address program variability and funding issues to realise their potential to improve health outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-82
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished or Issued - Mar 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Australian chronic disease programs
  • Chronic disease management programs
  • Chronic heart failure
  • Post-discharge

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Medical–Surgical
  • Advanced and Specialised Nursing

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