Human N-acetylgalactosamine-4-sulphatase biosynthesis and maturation in normal, Maroteaux-Lamy and multiple-sulphatase-deficient fibroblasts

J. A. Taylor, G. J. Gibson, D. A. Brooks, J. J. Hopwood

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The biosynthesis and maturation of N-acetylgalactosamine-4-sulphatase (4-sulphatase) was studied in normal fibroblasts and in fibroblasts from patients with either mucopolysaccharidosis type VI (MPS VI; Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome) or multiple sulphatase deficiency (MSD). Fibroblasts were incubated in culture medium containing [3H]leucine or [35S]methionine, and radiolabelled 4-sulphatase was isolated by immunoaffinity chromatography using 4-sulphatase-specific monoclonal antibodies. In normal fibroblasts a precursor of 66 kDa, detected intracellularly after 3 h and in NH4-Cl-induced secretions, was processed intracellularly, within an additional 3 h, to a polypeptide of 57 kDa composed of disulphide-linked polypeptides of 43 kDa and 8 kDa. All fibroblast lines obtained from MPS VI patients, exhibiting clinical characteristics ranging from no clearly recognized symptoms to the severe classical phenotype, incorporated radioactivity into immune-purified 4-sulphatase at a rate less than 10% of that seen in normal fibroblasts. Maturation of the residual 4-sulphatase showed, variously, features which may be indicative of delayed intracellular transport, decreased intracellular stability, failure of lysosomal targetting or resistance to enzyme processing. Although some features of the residual enzyme synthesis and maturation were consistent with the patient's clinical phenotype, this was infrequent. The maturation of 4-sulphatase in fibroblasts from MSD patients was indistinguishable from that in normal fibroblasts, and the half-life of 4-sulphatase in these fibroblasts, determined after a 24 h pulse and prolonged chase, was only slightly less than in normal fibroblasts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-386
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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