Identification of a cell surface protein with a role in stimulating human keratinocyte proliferation, expressed during development and carcinogenesis

Pritinder Kaur, Sharon Paton, Jill Furze, Joseph Wrin, Sharon Olsen, Janine Danks, James Scurry

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7 Citations (Scopus)


In an attempt to define cell surface molecules with an important role in the development of squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs), we generated monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) to a human keratinocyte cell line (FEP18-11-T1) capable of giving rise to SCCs in nude mice. MoAb 10G7 was selected for further study because it bound to a cell surface component preferentially expressed by this cell line as compared with normal human foreskin keratinocytes. This MoAb recognizes a cell surface protein (10G7 antigen) that is not detectable on normal keratinocytes in the foreskin in vivo, but whose expression is induced when the keratinocytes are dissociated from this tissue and placed in culture. Interestingly, the 10G7 antigen is downregulated upon keratinocyte differentiation in vitro. Consistent with its expression in hyper- proliferative epithelia in vitro, 10G7 antigen exhibited a classic oncofetal pattern of expression in vivo. Thus, although no reactivity was obtained with MoAb 10G7 in the epithelia of normal foreskin or cervical tissue, strong reactivity was detected in epithelia from genital lesions ranging from benign warts to invasive SCCs. Epidermis from developing fetal tissue also exhibited strong reactivity with MoAb 10G7. We have been able to demostrate that this MoAb is capable of stimulating FEP18-11-T1 keratinocyte proliferation in vitro in a concentration-dependent manner in the absence of growth factors, suggesting that the 10G7 antigen may play an important role in regulating cellular proliferation during development and in carcinogenesis in epithelial tissues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-199
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 1997


  • Growth
  • Monoclonal antibody
  • Skin
  • Squamous cell carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology
  • Cell Biology

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