Identification of residues in the first and fourth helices of human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor involved in biologic activity and in binding to the α- and β-chains of its receptor

T. R. Hercus, B. Cambareri, M. Dottore, J. Woodcock, C. J. Bagley, M. A. Vadas, M. F. Shannon, A. F. Lopez

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Residues within the first and fourth helices of human granulocyte- macrophage colony-stimulating factor (hGM-CSF) were analyzed for their role in biologic activity and interaction with the α- and β-chains of the hGM- CSF receptor. Within the first helix substitution of the surface residues Glu14, Asn17, Gln20, Arg23, Arg24, and Asn27 or the buried residues Ala18, Leu25, and Leu28 did not significantly impair bioactivity or receptor binding. Substitutions at the buried residues Ala22 and Leu26 had intermediate bioactivity. However, substitutions of the surface residue Glu21 or the buried residue Ile19 reduced the relative bioactivity of the analogues to as little as 0.45% and 0.3%, respectively. Substitution of the charged surface residues of the fourth helix showed that substitution at Glu104, Lys107, and Lys111 had no significant effect on bioactivity, but substitution at Glu108 and Asp112 reduced the potency of the analogues to 34% and 7%, respectively. Receptor binding studies showed that, whereas Glu21 is the critical residue for binding to the hGM-CSF-receptor β-chain, Asp112 is likely to be involved in binding to the GM-CSF-receptor α-chain. These results establish the relative contribution of residues in the first and fourth helices for GM-CSF bioactivity and receptor binding, and support a model where the fourth helix of GM-CSF interacts with the α-chain, and the first helix with the β-chain of the GM-CSF receptor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3500-3508
Number of pages9
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology

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