Irinotecan disrupts tight junction proteins within the gut: Implications for chemotherapy-induced gut toxicity

Hannah R. Wardill, Joanne M. Bowen, Noor Al-Dasooqi, Masooma Sultani, Emma Bateman, Romany Stansborough, Joseph Shirren, Rachel J. Gibson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chemotherapy for cancer causes significant gut toxicity, leading to severe clinical manifestations and an increased economic burden. Despite much research, many of the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood hindering effective treatment options. Recently there has been renewed interest in the role tight junctions play in the pathogenesis of chemotherapy-induced gut toxicity. To delineate the underlying mechanisms of chemotherapy-induced gut toxicity, this study aimed to quantify the molecular changes in key tight junction proteins, ZO-1, claudin-1, and occludin, using a well-established preclinical model of gut toxicity. Female tumor-bearing dark agouti rats received irinotecan or vehicle control and were assessed for validated parameters of gut toxicity including diarrhea and weight loss. Rats were killed at 6, 24, 48, 72, 96, and 120 h post-chemotherapy. Tight junction protein and mRNA expression in the small and large intestines were assessed using semi-quantitative immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR. Significant changes in protein expression of tight junction proteins were seen in both the jejunum and colon, correlating with key histological changes and clinical features. mRNA levels of claudin-1 were significantly decreased early after irinotecan in the small and large intestines. ZO-1 and occludin mRNA levels remained stable across the time-course of gut toxicity. Findings strongly suggest irinotecan causes tight junction defects which lead to mucosal barrier dysfunction and the development of diarrhea. Detailed research is now warranted to investigate posttranslational regulation of tight junction proteins to delineate the underlying pathophysiology of gut toxicity and identify future therapeutic targets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-244
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Biology and Therapy
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished or Issued - Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Claudin-1
  • Gut toxicity
  • Mucositis
  • Occludin
  • Pro-inflammatory Cytokines
  • Tight junctions
  • Zonular-occludens-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research

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