Juvenile form of mucopolysaccharidosis VI (Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome): A C-terminal extension causes instability but increases catalytic efficiency of arylsulfatase B

Gabriele Arlt, Doug A. Brooks, Dirk Isbrandt, John J. Hopwood, Julie Bielicki, Tessa M. Bradford, Colleen A. Bindloss-Petherbridge, Kurt Von Figura, Christoph Peters

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Abstract

A deficiency of the enzyme arylsulfatase B results in the lysosomal storage disorder Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome or mucopolysaccharidosis type VI. Severe, intermediate and mild forms of this autosomal recessively inherited disease can be clinically differentiated. To determine the molecular defect in a patient with the intermediate form of the disorder, DNA fragments generated from the patient's mRNA by reverse transcription and subsequent amplification by the polymerase chain reaction were subcloned and sequenced. The mRNA transcribed from one allele contains a 244-base pair deletion causing a frameshift and a truncation of the open reading frame. The C-terminal third of the encoded mutant polypeptide has a nonsense sequence. This mutation is due to a deletion of exon 5 in this allele. A silent A to G transition at nucleotide 1191 was present in the same allele, and the second allele was characterized by a T to C transition at nucleotide 1600 causing a mutation of the translational stop codon to a glutamine codon (*534Q) and extending the encoded polypeptide by 50 amino acids. Stable expression of the *534Q allele in LTK cells resulted in a mutant precursor 4 kDa larger than the wild-type precursor. The majority of the mutant precursor appears to be degraded before reaching the trans Golgi. This is consistent with an altered polypeptide structure, where a number of missing or masked epitopes were observed in an enzyme immunobinding assay using a panel of monoclonal antibodies. Immuno-quantification analysis showed that epitopes were most likely masked, as missing epitopes could be reformed by binding the mutant protein to a polyclonal antibody of arylsulfatase B. It is suggested that the additional amino acids at the C terminus of the arylsulfatase B polypeptide induce a protein conformational change. *534Q mutant polypeptide escaping degradation is sorted to dense lysosomes. The mutant polypeptide has an approximately 9-fold higher catalytic efficiency than wild-type arylsulfatase B.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9638-9643
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume269
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 1 Apr 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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