Longitudinal mechanics of the periinfarct zone and ventricular tachycardia inducibility in patients with chronic ischemic cardiomyopathy

Matteo Bertini, Arnold C.T. Ng, C. Jan Willem Borleffs, Victoria Delgado, Adrianus P. Wijnmaalen, Gaetano Nucifora, See H. Ewe, Miriam Shanks, Joep Thijssen, Katja Zeppenfeld, Mauro Biffi, Dominic Y. Leung, Martin J. Schalij, Jeroen J. Bax

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13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Quantification of segmental left ventricular (LV) strain by speckle-tracking echocardiography can identify transmural infarcts in patients with chronic ischemic cardiomyopathy. The aim of the study was to explore the relationship between the LV longitudinal peak systolic strain (LPSS) of the infarct, periinfarct, and remote zones and monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT) inducibility on electrophysiologic (EP) study. Methods: A total of 134 patients with chronic ischemic cardiomyopathy scheduled for EP study were included. The protocol consisted of clinical, electrocardiographic, and echocardiographic evaluation, including LV longitudinal strain analysis using speckle-tracking echocardiography, immediately before EP study. An infarct segment was defined as a longitudinal strain value of greater than -5%, and a periinfarct segment was defined as immediately adjacent to an infarct segment. Results: The infarct zone had the most impaired longitudinal strain (-0.5% ± 3.0%), whereas the periinfarct and remote zones had more preserved longitudinal strain (-10.8% ± 1.9% and -14.5% ± 3.0%, respectively; analysis of variance, P < .001). Seventy-two (54%) patients had inducible monomorphic VT on EP study. There was no significant difference in LV ejection fraction (31% ± 9% vs 32% ± 11%, P = .29) between inducible and noninducible patients. Longitudinal peak systolic strain of the periinfarct zone was more impaired in inducible patients (-9.8% ± 1.5% vs -11.0% ± 2.1%, P = .001), but no differences in LPSS of the infarct (-0.5% ± 3.2% vs -0.4% ± 2.7%, P = .75) and remote (-14.6% ± 2.8% vs -14.5% ± 3.4%, P = .92) zones were observed. Only LPSS of the periinfarct zone (OR 1.43, 95% CI 1.15-1.78, P = .001) was independently related to monomorphic VT inducibility on multiple logistic regression. Conclusions: Longitudinal strain analysis may be a useful imaging tool to risk stratify ischemic patients for malignant ventricular arrhythmia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)729-736
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Heart Journal
Volume160
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished or Issued - Oct 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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