Mutation analysis of 19 North American mucopolysaccharidosis type I patients: Identification of two additional frequent mutations

Lorne A. Clarke, Paul V. Nelson, Cara L. Warrington, C. Phillip Morris, John J. Hopwood, Hamish S. Scott

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Mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder caused by deficiency of the lysosomal glycosidase α‐L‐iduronidase. Patients with this disorder present with varied clinical phenotypes ranging from early severe onset of disease and death in early childhood to mild manifestations compatible with adult life. An understanding of the molecular basis of iduronidase deficiency and its correlation to clinical phenotype will improve prognostic prediction at diagnosis, aid in genetic counselling of families, and provide a framework to more accurately assess experimental treatment protocols. We have used the approach of single‐strand conformational polymorphism analysis and direct sequencing of the α‐L‐iduronidase gene in an attempt to define the molecular basis of iduronidase deficiency in affected individuals. An initial series of 19 patients representing 35 independently segregating mutant alleles were studied. In addition to five previously identified mutations (W402X, Q70X, E274X, H82P, and P533R) two novel mutations (A75T and 474‐2a→g) were found. These seven mutations account for 71% of the mutant alleles and 53% of the genotypes in this group of patients. Analysis of a larger independently ascertained group of 103 MPS I patients, mainly of Northern European origin, revealed that together the two novel mutations account for 7% of mutant alleles and are associated with severe clinical phenotypes. These mutations are the most frequent MPS I mutations detected so far after W402X and Q70X. With the definition of these two mutations, a clear picture of the molecular heterogeneity of MPS I is emerging. © 1994 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-282
Number of pages8
JournalHuman mutation
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 1994


  • Hurler syndrome
  • Lysosomal storage disorder
  • SSCP, MPS I mutations
  • Scheie syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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