Obesity is a risk factor for peritonitis in the Australian and New Zealand peritoneal dialysis patient populations

Stephen McDonald, John F. Collins, Markus Rumpsfeld, David W. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

129 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

◆ Objective: The aim of the present investigation was to examine the association between body mass index (BMI) and peritonitis rates among incident peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients in a large cohort with long-term follow-up. ◆ Design: Retrospective observational cohort study of the Australian and New Zealand PD patient population. ◆ Setting: Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant (ANZDATA) Registry. ◆ Participants: The study included all incident adult patients (n = 10 709) who received PD in Australia and New Zealand in the 12-year period between 1 April 1991 and 31 March 2003. Patients were classified as obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2), overweight (BMI 25.0 - 29.9 kg/m2), normal weight (20 - 24.9 kg/m2), or underweight (< 20 kg/m2). ◆ Main Measurements: Time to first peritonitis and episodes of peritonitis per patient-year were recorded over the 12-year period. ◆ Results: Higher BMI was associated with a shorter time to first peritonitis episode, independent of other risk factors [hazard ratio 1.08 for each 5-kg/m2 increase in BMI, 95% confidence interval (Cl) 1.04 - 1.12, p < 0.001]. When peritonitis outcomes were analyzed as episodes of peritonitis per patient-year, these rates were significantly higher among patients with higher BMI: under-weight 0.69 episodes/year (95% Cl 0.66 - 0.73), normal weight 0.79 (95% Cl 0.77 - 0.81), overweight 0.88 (95% Cl 0.85 - 0.90), obese 1.06 (95% Cl 1.02 - 1.09). Coronary artery disease and chronic lung disease were associated with both shorter time to first peritonitis and higher peritonitis rates, independently of these other factors. There was also a "vintage effect," with lower peritonitis rates seen among people who commenced dialysis in more recent years. ◆ Conclusions: Higher BMI at the commencement of renal replacement therapy is a significant risk factor for peritonitis. The mechanisms for this remain undefined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)340-346
Number of pages7
JournalPeritoneal Dialysis International
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • Kidney failure chronic therapy
  • Nutritional status
  • Peritonitis
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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