P2X7 receptor activation induces cell death and CD23 shedding in human RPMI 8226 multiple myeloma cells

Andrew W. Farrell, Safina Gadeock, Aleta Pupovac, Bin Wang, Iman Jalilian, Marie Ranson, Ronald Sluyter

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    33 Citations (Scopus)


    Background: The extracellular ATP-gated cation channel, P2X7 receptor, has an emerging role in neoplasia, however progress in the field is limited by a lack of malignant cell lines expressing this receptor. Methods: Immunofluorescence labelling and a fixed-time ATP-induced ethidium+ uptake assay were used to screen a panel of human malignant cell lines for the presence of functional P2X7. The presence of P2X7 was confirmed by RT-PCR, immunoblotting and pharmacological approaches. ATP-induced cell death was measured by colourimetric tetrazolium-based and cytofluorometric assays. ATP-induced CD23 shedding was measured by immunofluorescence labelling and ELISA. Results: RPMI 8226 multiple myeloma cells expressed P2X7 mRNA and protein, as well as P2X1, P2X4 and P2X5 mRNA. ATP induced ethidium+ uptake into these cells with an EC50 of ~116μ and this uptake was reduced in the presence of extracellular Ca2+ and Mg2+. The P2X7 agonist 2'- and 3'-0(4-benzoylbenzoyl) ATP, but not UTP, induced ethidium+ uptake. ATP-induced ethidium+ uptake was impaired by the P2X7 antagonists, KN-62 and A-438079. ATP induced death and CD23 shedding in RPMI 8226 cells, and both processes were impaired by P2X7 antagonists. The metalloprotease antagonists, BB-94 and GM6001, impaired ATP-induced CD23 shedding but not ethidium+ uptake. Conclusions: P2X7 receptor activation induces cell death and CD23 shedding in RPMI 8226 cells. General significance: RPMI 8226 cells may be useful to study the role of P2X7 in multiple myeloma and B-lymphocytes.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1173-1182
    Number of pages10
    JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects
    Issue number11
    Publication statusPublished or Issued - Nov 2010


    • B-lymphocyte
    • IgE receptor
    • Multiple myeloma
    • P2X receptor
    • Plasma cell
    • Purinergic receptor

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biophysics
    • Biochemistry
    • Molecular Biology

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