Regulatory non-coding RNA: The core defense mechanism against plant pathogens

Samira Samarfard, Abozar Ghorbani, Thomas P. Karbanowicz, Zhi Xian Lim, Mahshid Saedi, Niloofar Fariborzi, Alistair R. McTaggart, Keramatollah Izadpanah

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Plant pathogens damage crops and threaten global food security. Plants have evolved complex defense networks against pathogens, using crosstalk among various signaling pathways. Key regulators conferring plant immunity through signaling pathways include protein-coding genes and non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs). The discovery of ncRNAs in plant transcriptomes was first considered “transcriptional noise”. Recent reviews have highlighted the importance of non-coding RNAs. However, understanding interactions among different types of noncoding RNAs requires additional research. This review attempts to consider how long-ncRNAs, small-ncRNAs and circular RNAs interact in response to pathogenic diseases within different plant species. Developments within genomics and bioinformatics could lead to the further discovery of plant ncRNAs, knowledge of their biological roles, as well as an understanding of their importance in exploiting the recent molecular-based technologies for crop protection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-94
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Biotechnology
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 20 Nov 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Circular RNA
  • Long non-coding RNA
  • Non-coding RNA
  • Small-noncoding RNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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