Relevance of the D13 region to the function of the skeletal muscle chloride channel, ClC-1

Deanne H. Hryciw, Grigori Y. Rychkov, Bernard P. Hughes, Allan H. Bretag

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Abstract

Although hydropathy analysis of the skeletal muscle chloride channel protein, ClC-1, initially predicted 13 potential membrane spanning domains (D1 to D13), later topological studies have suggested that domain D4 is extracellular and that D13, conserved in all eukaryotic ClC channels, is located within the extensive cytoplasmic tail that makes up the carboxyl terminus of the protein. We have examined the effect of deleting D13 (ΔD13) and the function of the carboxyl tail by removing the final 72 (fs923X), 100 (fs895X), 125 (L869X), 398 (N596X), and 420 (Q574X) amino acids from rat ClC- 1. Appropriate cDNA constructs were prepared and expressed using the baculovirus Sf9 insect cell system. Patch clamp analysis of chloride currents in Sf9 cells showed that only relatively insubstantial changes could be attributed to the expressed fs923X, fs895X, and ΔD13 mutants compared with wild type rat ClC-1. For N596X and Q574X, however, adequate mRNA could be detected, but neither patch clamp nor polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis showed corresponding protein production. By contrast, expression of L869X was demonstrable by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, but no chloride conductance attributable to it could be detected. Overall, our results indicate that the domain D13 is dispensable, as are the final 100 amino acids, but not the final 125 amino acids or more, of the carboxyl tail. Some essential region of unknown significance, therefore, appears to reside in the 18 amino acids after D13, from Lys877 to Arg894.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4304-4307
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume273
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 20 Feb 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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