Reliability and validity of a mobile tablet for assessing left/right judgements

Lindy J. Williams, Felicity A. Braithwaite, Hayley B. Leake, Michelle N. McDonnell, Daniela K. Peto, G. Lorimer Moseley, Susan L. Hillier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Left/right judgement (LRJ) of body parts is commonly used to assess the ability to perform implicit motor imagery and the integrity of brain-grounded maps of the body. Clinically, LRJ are often undertaken using a mobile tablet, but the concurrent validity and reliability of this approach has not yet been established. Objectives: To evaluate the concurrent validity and test-retest reliability of a mobile tablet for assessing LRJ. Method: Participants completed LRJ for 50 hand images (Experiment 1), and 40 back, foot, or neck images (Experiment 2) using a mobile tablet and desktop computer in random order. Participants in Experiment 2 performed a repeat test the following day to assess test-retest reliability. Accuracy and response time (RT) were recorded. Results: Twenty participants aged 55.3 (±6.7) years in Experiment 1, and 37 participants aged 38.2 (±12.3) years in Experiment 2, were recruited. Concurrent validity of the mobile tablet was good to excellent for hand judgements (ICC 3,1 = 0.836 for RT; ICC = 0.909 for accuracy), and was good for back, foot, and neck judgements (ICC = 0.781 for accuracy; ICC = 0.880 for RT). Test-retest reliability of the mobile tablet was good to excellent (ICC = 0.824 for accuracy; ICC = 0.903 for RT). Conclusions: The mobile tablet demonstrated good to excellent concurrent validity with the desktop computer in two separate samples. The mobile tablet also demonstrated good to excellent test-retest reliability. The mobile tablet for LRJ is a valid alternative to the original desktop version.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-52
Number of pages8
JournalMusculoskeletal Science and Practice
Publication statusPublished or Issued - Apr 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Body schema
  • Concurrent validity
  • Motor imagery
  • left/right judgement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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