Rhythmic expression of clock and clock-controlled genes in the rat oviduct

D J Kennaway, T J Varcoe, V J Mau

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64 Citations (Scopus)


The rhythmic expression of clock and clock-controlled genes in the rat oviduct was investigated by real time RT-PCR. per1, per2, Clock, Bmal1, cry1 and cry2 were all expressed in the oviduct. With 4-hourly sampling over 24 h in a normal photoperiod, analysis of variance indicated that per2 and Bmal1 had highly significant sinusoidal-like changes with an amplitude of 3- and 10-fold respectively. Of the other clock genes, per1 and cry1 had non-significant rhythm amplitudes of 2.5- and 1.8-fold respectively. Using the same experimental approach the rhythmic expression of Bmal1, per1 and per2 mRNA in the liver was found to be highly significant with amplitudes of approximately 20-, 10- and 5-fold respectively. The expression of the clock-controlled transcription factors DBP and Rev-erb alpha showed significant rhythmicity in the oviduct with 5-fold changes in amplitude for both genes. Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), which has been implicated in oviduct function during the preimplantation period, also had a significant rhythm of expression (2.5-fold amplitude), peaking at the same time as the other clock-controlled genes, DBP and Rev-erb alpha. These results show for the first time that the female reproductive tract is inherently rhythmic and suggests that the developing embryo may be subjected to rhythmic changes in the environment created by the oviduct during transition to the uterus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)503-7
Number of pages5
JournalMolecular Human Reproduction
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished or Issued - Sept 2003


  • Animals
  • Biological Clocks/genetics
  • Fallopian Tubes/metabolism
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Periodicity
  • RNA, Messenger/analysis
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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