Stoichiometry of the eIF2B complex is maintained by mutual stabilization of subunits

Noel C. Wortham, Joanna D. Stewart, Sean Harris, Mark J. Coldwell, Christopher G. Proud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The eukaryotic translation initiation factor eIF2B is a multisubunit complex with a crucial role in the regulation of global protein synthesis in the cell. The complex comprises five subunits, termed α through ϵ in order of increasing size, arranged as a heterodecamer with two copies of each subunit. Regulation of the co-stoichiometric expression of the eIF2B subunits is crucial for the proper function and regulation of the eIF2B complex in cells. We have investigated the control of stoichiometric eIF2B complexes through mutual stabilization of eIF2B subunits. Our data show that the stable expression of the catalytic eIF2Bϵ subunit in human cells requires co-expression of eIF2Bγ. Similarly, stable expression of eIF2Bδ requires both eIF2Bβ and eIF2Bγ + ϵ. The expression of these subunits decreases despite there being no change in either the levels or the translation of their mRNAs. Instead, these subunits are targeted for degradation by the ubiquitin-proteasome system. The data allow us to propose a model for the formation of stoichiometric eIF2B complexes which can ensure their stoichiometric incorporation into the holocomplex.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)571-580
Number of pages10
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume473
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 1 Mar 2016

Keywords

  • EIF2B
  • Protein synthesis
  • Ubiquitination
  • Vanishing white matter.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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