The complete genome sequence of elite bread wheat cultivar, 'Sonmez'

Hikmet Budak, Bala Ani Akpinar, Philippe Leroy, Nathan Watson-Haigh, Ute Baumann, Valerie Barbe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


High-yielding crop varieties will become critical in meeting the future food demand in the face of worsening weather extremes and threatening biotic stressors. The bread wheat cultivar Sonmez-2001 is a registered variety that is notable for its performance under low-irrigation conditions, which further improves upon irrigation. Additionally, Sonmez-2001 is resilient against certain biotic stressors, particularly soil-borne pathogens. Here, we provide a reference-guided whole genome sequence of Sonmez-2001, assembled into 21 chromosomes of the A, B and D genomes and totaling 13.3 gigabase-pairs in length. Additionally, a de novo assembly of an additional 1.05 gigabase-pairs was generated that represents either Sonmez-specific sequences or sequences that considerably diverged between Sonmez and Chinese Spring. Within this de novo assembly, we identified 35 gene models, of which 11 were high-confidence, that may contribute to the favorable traits of this high-performing variety. We identified up to 24 million sequence variants, of which up to 2.4% reside in coding sequences, that can be used to develop molecular markers that should be of immediate use to the cereal community.

Original languageEnglish
Article number614
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 2022


  • Genome sequencing
  • Sonmez
  • Triticum aestivum
  • Wheat
  • Yield

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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