The complete genome sequence of elite bread wheat cultivar, 'Sonmez'

Hikmet Budak, Bala Ani Akpinar, Philippe Leroy, Nathan Watson-Haigh, Ute Baumann, Valerie Barbe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

High-yielding crop varieties will become critical in meeting the future food demand in the face of worsening weather extremes and threatening biotic stressors. The bread wheat cultivar Sonmez-2001 is a registered variety that is notable for its performance under low-irrigation conditions, which further improves upon irrigation. Additionally, Sonmez-2001 is resilient against certain biotic stressors, particularly soil-borne pathogens. Here, we provide a reference-guided whole genome sequence of Sonmez-2001, assembled into 21 chromosomes of the A, B and D genomes and totaling 13.3 gigabase-pairs in length. Additionally, a de novo assembly of an additional 1.05 gigabase-pairs was generated that represents either Sonmez-specific sequences or sequences that considerably diverged between Sonmez and Chinese Spring. Within this de novo assembly, we identified 35 gene models, of which 11 were high-confidence, that may contribute to the favorable traits of this high-performing variety. We identified up to 24 million sequence variants, of which up to 2.4% reside in coding sequences, that can be used to develop molecular markers that should be of immediate use to the cereal community.

Original languageEnglish
Article number614
JournalF1000Research
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 2022

Keywords

  • Genome sequencing
  • Sonmez
  • Triticum aestivum
  • Wheat
  • Yield

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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