The correlation between clinical and urodynamic diagnosis in classifying the type of urinary incontinence in women. A systematic review of the literature

Sanne A.L. Van Leijsen, Janneke S.Hoogstad Van Evert, Ben Willem J. Mol, Mark E. Vierhout, Alfred L. Milani, John P.F.A. Heesakkers, Kirsten B. Kluivers

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


Aims To determine the reclassification rate of clinically diagnosed stress, mixed, and urge urinary incontinence after urodynamic investigation. Methods A systematic review of the published literature in MEDLINE and EMBASE of clinical trials among women with urinary incontinence. Studies were included in case the diagnosis based on symptoms and/or signs was compared with the diagnosis after urodynamic investigation. Results Twenty-three articles involving 6,282 women with urinary incontinence met the inclusion criteria. A clinical diagnosis of stress urinary incontinence was reclassified into mixed urinary incontinence in 9% of women and into detrusor overactivity (DO) in 7% of cases. The pooled reclassification rate was highest among patients with symptoms of mixed urinary incontinence, where 46% of the patients had stress urinary incontinence and 21% had DO on urodynamic investigation. The available literature does not allow the identification of the additional value of non-invasive test, such as stress test and voiding diary, accessory to symptoms. None of the studies had therapeutic effects as an outcome measure. Conclusions This review of clinical studies shows that the level of agreement between classification based on clinical evaluation and based on urodynamic investigation is poor. Urodynamic observations are regarded as gold standard, but based on the poor correlation, this assumption should be questioned.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)495-502
Number of pages8
JournalNeurourology and Urodynamics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished or Issued - Apr 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • diagnostic test
  • review
  • urinary incontinence
  • urodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Urology

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