The Effects of Conditioning and Lentiviral Vector Pseudotype on Short- and Long-Term Airway Reporter Gene Expression in Mice

Chantelle Carpentieri, Nigel Farrow, Patricia Cmielewski, Nathan Rout-Pitt, Alexandra McCarron, Emma Knight, David Parsons, Martin Donnelley

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3 Citations (Scopus)


A gene addition therapy into the conducting airway epithelium is a potential cure for cystic fibrosis lung disease. Achieving sustained lung gene expression has proven difficult due to the natural barriers of the lung. The development of lentiviral (LV) vectors pseudotyped with viral envelopes that have a natural tropism to the airway has enabled persistent gene expression to be achieved in vivo. The aims of this study were to compare the yields of hemagglutinin (HA) and vesicular stomatitis virus-glycoprotein (VSV-G) pseudotyped HIV-1 vectors produced under the same conditions by our standard LV vector production method. We then sought to measure gene expression in mouse airways and to determine whether lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) conditioning enhances short- and long-term gene expression. C57Bl/6 mouse airways were conditioned with 10 μL of 0.1% LPC or saline control, followed 1 h later by a 30 μL dose of an HA or VSV-G pseudotyped vector carrying either the LacZ or luciferase reporter genes. LacZ expression was assessed by X-gal staining after 7 days, while lung luminescence was quantified regularly for up to 18 months by bioluminescent imaging. The HA pseudotyped vectors had functional titers 25 to 60 times lower than the VSV-G pseudotyped vectors. Conditioning the lung with LPC significantly increased the total number of LacZ-transduced cells for both pseudotypes compared to saline control. Regardless of LPC conditioning, the VSV-G pseudotype produced higher initial levels of gene expression compared to HA. LPC conditioning did not increase the number of transduced basal cells for either pseudotype compared to saline, and was not required for long-term gene expression. Both pseudotyped vectors effectively transduced the upper conducting airways of wild-type mice. The use of LPC conditioning before vector delivery was not required in mouse lungs to produce long-term gene expression, but did improve short-term gene expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)817-827
Number of pages11
JournalHuman Gene Therapy
Issue number15-16
Publication statusPublished or Issued - Aug 2021

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