The Role of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Heart Failure

Theodoros D. Karamitsos, Jane M. Francis, Saul Myerson, Joseph B. Selvanayagam, Stefan Neubauer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

298 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Noninvasive imaging plays a central role in the diagnosis of heart failure, assessment of prognosis, and monitoring of therapy. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) offers a comprehensive assessment of heart failure patients and is now the gold standard imaging technique to assess myocardial anatomy, regional and global function, and viability. Furthermore, it allows assessment of perfusion and acute tissue injury (edema and necrosis), whereas in nonischemic heart failure, fibrosis, infiltration, and iron overload can be detected. The information derived from CMR often reveals the underlying etiology of heart failure, and its high measurement accuracy makes it an ideal technique for monitoring disease progression and the effects of treatment. Evidence on the prognostic value of CMR-derived parameters in heart failure is rapidly emerging. This review summarizes the advantages of CMR for patients with heart failure and its important role in key areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1407-1424
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume54
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 6 Oct 2009

Keywords

  • cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging
  • diagnosis
  • heart failure
  • ischemia
  • left ventricular dysfunction
  • prognosis
  • therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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