The use of modern and traditional methods of fertility control in Bangladesh: A multivariate analysis

M. Shahid Ullah, Nitai Chakraborty

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4 Citations (Scopus)


An attempt has been made to study the use pattern of traditional and modern methods of fertility control among currently married women of reproductive ages utilizing the 1989 BFS data. Bivariate analysis has been employed to study the differentials in the use pattern by some selected demographic and socio-economic characteristics. Also, multivariate logistic regression analysis has been used to identify independent contributions of each selected covariate. It has been observed, however, that there is universality of knowledge about contraceptive methods. Of the total 31 percent, about 23 percent were using modern methods and the rest, 8 percent, traditional methods. Analysis using a logistic regression model showed that visits of family planning workers have very strong and positive influence on the current use of modern contraceptives as compared to traditional methods. Duration of effective marriage also emerged as a strong determinant of modern versus traditional methods use but it influenced modern methods use negatively. Also, administrative division is an important variable. Residents of Rajshahi division were significantly more (relative odds of 2.5) likely to be using modern methods than residents of Chittagong division. The likelihood of women having electricity in their household of being a current user of modern contraceptives is almost 2 times higher compared to women without electricity in their households. Education and occupation of husbands also exerts effect on current use of modern contraceptives. The odds of current use of modern methods among women whose husbands have secondary and higher level of education is one-and-a-half times higher than that of women with husbands having no formal education. However, wives of landowners were less (relative odds of 0.72) likely to use these methods as compared to traditional methods than wives of labourers or farmers. The probability of current use of modern contraceptives was higher (relative odds of 1.5) among women who discussed family planning with their husbands than those who did not.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-372
Number of pages10
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 1 Jan 1994


  • Contraceptives
  • demographic factors
  • modern methods
  • socio-economic factors
  • traditional methods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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