Treatment-free remission following frontline nilotinib in patients with chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia: 5-year update of the ENESTfreedom trial

Jerald P. Radich, Andreas Hochhaus, Tamás Masszi, Andrzej Hellmann, Jesper Stentoft, María Teresa Gómez Casares, J. Valentín García-Gutiérrez, Eibhlin Conneally, Philipp D. le Coutre, Norbert Gattermann, Bruno Martino, Susanne Saussele, Francis J. Giles, David M. Ross, Paola Aimone, Sai Li, Ksenia Titorenko, Giuseppe Saglio

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The ENESTfreedom trial assessed the feasibility of treatment-free remission (TFR) in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase (CML-CP) following frontline nilotinib treatment. Results for long-term outcomes after a 5-year follow-up are presented herein. Patients who had received ≥2 years of frontline nilotinib therapy and achieved MR4.5 underwent a 1-year nilotinib treatment consolidation phase before attempting TFR. At the 5-year data cut-off, 81/190 patients entering the TFR phase (42.6%) were still in TFR, with 76 (40.0%) in MR4.5. Patients who lost major molecular response (MMR) entered a treatment re-initiation phase; 90/91 patients entering this phase (98.9%) regained MMR and 84/91 patients (92.3%) regained MR4.5. The Kaplan–Meier estimated treatment-free survival rate at 5 years was 48.2%. No disease progression or CML-related deaths were reported. Whereas the incidence of adverse events (AEs) declined from 96 weeks following the start of TFR, an increase in AE frequency was observed for patients in the treatment re-initiation phase. Low Sokal risk score, BCR-ABL1IS levels at 48 weeks of TFR and stable MR4.5 response for the first year of TFR were associated with higher TFR rates. Overall, these results support the efficacy and safety of attempting TFR following upfront nilotinib therapy of >3 years in patients with CML-CP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1344-1355
Number of pages12
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished or Issued - May 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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