TRPV1 and TRPM8 antagonists reduce cystitis-induced bladder hypersensitivity via inhibition of different sensitised classes of bladder afferents in guinea pigs

Stewart Ramsay, Lauren Keightley, Simon Brookes, Vladimir Zagorodnyuk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Background and Purpose: Interstitial cystitis (=painful bladder syndrome) is a chronic bladder syndrome characterised by pelvic and bladder pain, urinary frequency and urgency, and nocturia. Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels are an attractive target in reducing the pain associated with interstitial cystitis. The current study aims to determine the efficacy of combination of TRP vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) and TRP melastatin 8 (TRPM8) channel inhibition in reducing the pain associated with experimental cystitis in guinea pigs. Experimental Approach: A novel animal model of non-ulcerative interstitial cystitis has been developed using protamine sulfate/zymosan in female guinea pigs. Continuous voiding cystometry was performed in conscious guinea pigs. Ex vivo “close-to-target” single unit extracellular recordings were made from fine branches of pelvic nerves entering the guinea pig bladder. Visceromotor responses in vivo were used to determine the effects of TRP channel antagonists on cystitis-induced bladder hypersensitivity. Key results: Protamine sulfate/zymosan treatment evoked mild inflammation in the bladder and increased micturition frequency in conscious animals. In cystitis, high threshold muscular afferents were sensitised via up-regulation of TRPV1 channels, high threshold muscular–mucosal afferents were sensitised via TRPM8 channels, and mucosal afferents by both. Visceromotor responses evoked by noxious bladder distension were significantly enhanced in cystitis and were returned to control levels upon administration of combination of low doses of TRPV1 and TRPM8 antagonists. Conclusions and Implications: The data demonstrate the therapeutic promises of combination of TRPV1 and TRPM8 antagonists for the treatment of bladder hypersensitivity in cystitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1482-1499
Number of pages18
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished or Issued - Jun 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • bladder afferents
  • bladder hypersensitivity
  • cystitis
  • TRPM8 channels
  • TRPV1 channels
  • visceromotor responses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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