Women's Authorship of Reviews in Ophthalmic Journals over Time

Demi Gertig, Miriam C. Keane, Janet M. Matthews, Keryn A. Williams, Justine R. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose:To investigate prevalence and trends in women's authorship of articles in ophthalmic review journals over 2 decades.Design:Literature survey.Methods:Total number of authors, and number and gender of first and senior (last-named) authors, were identified in all full reviews published in Prog Retin Eye Res, Surv Ophthalmol, and Curr Opin Ophthalmol for the calendar years 1999, 2009, and 2019. The gender of authors was assigned manually by multiple methods. The subspecialty area of each review was captured by keyword and text search. Country of origin was determined from attributions of first and senior authors.Results:The gender of 841 first and senior authors was assigned unequivocally for 471 articles (96%). The frequency of women's authorship rose significantly over time (1999, 2009, 2019) for both first authors (19%, 32%, 44%; P < 0.001) and senior authors (16%, 19%, 29%; P = 0.018). The number of single-author reviews decreased significantly over time (P < 0.001), as did the proportion of reviews with neither a first nor a senior woman author (P < 0.001). Women's first authorship increased over time for reviews on glaucoma (P < 0.001), while women's senior authorship increased for anterior segment/cataract (P = 0.036). The proportion of reviews with a woman first or senior author did not differ by country of origin (P = 0.887 and P = 0.520, respectively).Conclusions:Women's authorship of articles in ophthalmic review journals increased significantly over the 20-year period, but a gender disparity remained: in 2019, more than 55% of first authors, and more than 70% of senior authors, were men.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)590-594
Number of pages5
JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished or Issued - 1 Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • authorship
  • eye and vision
  • gender
  • ophthalmology
  • review articles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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